Psychotherapy once was given a name of a „talking cure“. It could rather be called an „understanding cure“ – understanding by one‘s therapist and, in particular, by oneself. Psychotherapy is aimed at a removal of troublesome symptoms and at the same time at a better self-knowledge. Psychoanalysis is rather aimed at a deeper understanding of one‘s personality, of the inner reasons for one‘s troubles and of the ways to prevent them. Psychoanalysis is a more intensive and frequent form of treatment, and the patient usually does not see his analyst; it helps the patient to concentrate on his inner world and particularly on the unknown, unconscious aspects of that world.